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Gil Francopoulo LMF Lexical Markup Framework


The community responsible for developing lexicons for Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Readable Dictionaries (MRDs) started their ISO standardization activities in 2003. These activities resulted in the ISO standard – Lexical Markup Framework (LMF). After selecting and defining a common terminology, the LMF team had to identify the common notions shared by all lexicons in order to specify a common skeleton (called the core model) and understand the various requirements coming from different groups of users. The goals of LMF are to provide a common model for the creation and use of lexical resources, to manage the exchange of data between and among these resources, and to enable the merging of a large number of individual electronic resources to form extensive global electronic resources. The various types of individual instantiations of LMF can include monolingual, bilingual or multilingual lexical resources. The same specifications can be used for small and large lexicons, both simple and complex, as well as for both written and spoken lexical representations. The descriptions range from morphology, syntax and computational semantics to computer-assisted translation. The languages covered are not restricted to European languages, but apply to all natural languages. The LMF specification is now a success and numerous lexicon managers currently use LMF in different languages and contexts. This book starts with the historical context of LMF, before providing an overview of the LMF model and the Data Category Registry, which provides a flexible means for applying constants like /grammatical gender/ in a variety of different settings. It then presents concrete applications and experiments on real data, which are important for developers who want to learn about the use of LMF. Contents 1. LMF – Historical Context and Perspectives, Nicoletta Calzolari, Monica Monachini and Claudia Soria. 2. Model Description, Gil Francopoulo and Monte George. 3. LMF and the Data Category Registry: Principles and Application, Menzo Windhouwer and Sue Ellen Wright. 4. Wordnet-LMF: A Standard Representation for Multilingual Wordnets, Piek Vossen, Claudia Soria and Monica Monachini. 5. Prolmf: A Multilingual Dictionary of Proper Names and their Relations, Denis Maurel, Béatrice Bouchou-Markhoff. 6. LMF for Arabic, Aida Khemakhem, Bilel Gargouri, Kais Haddar and Abdelmajid Ben Hamadou. 7. LMF for a Selection of African Languages, Chantal Enguehard and Mathieu Mangeot. 8. LMF and its Implementation in Some Asian Languages, Takenobu Tokunaga, Sophia Y.M. Lee, Virach Sornlertlamvanich, Kiyoaki Shirai, Shu-Kai Hsieh and Chu-Ren Huang. 9. DUELME: Dutch Electronic Lexicon of Multiword Expressions, Jan Odijk. 10. UBY-LMF – Exploring the Boundaries of Language-Independent Lexicon Models, Judith Eckle-Kohler, Iryna Gurevych, Silvana Hartmann, Michael Matuschek and Christian M. Meyer. 11. Conversion of Lexicon-Grammar Tables to LMF: Application to French, Éric Laporte, Elsa Tolone and Matthieu Constant. 12. Collaborative Tools: From Wiktionary to LMF, for Synchronic and Diachronic Language Data, Thierry Declerck, Pirsoka Lendvai and Karlheinz Mörth. 13. LMF Experiments on Format Conversions for Resource Merging: Converters and Problems, Marta Villegas, Muntsa Padró and Núria Bel. 14. LMF as a Foundation for Servicized Lexical Resources, Yoshihiko Hayashi, Monica Monachini, Bora Savas, Claudia Soria and Nicoletta Calzolari. 15. Creating a Serialization of LMF: The Experience of the RELISH Project, Menzo Windhouwer, Justin Petro, Irina Nevskaya, Sebastian Drude, Helen Aristar-Dry and Jost Gippert. 16. Global Atlas: Proper Nouns, From Wikipedia to LMF, Gil Francopoulo, Frédéric Marcoul, David Cau

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LMF Lexical Markup Framework (English Edition) eBook: Gil ...

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Gil Francopoulo works for Tagmatica (www.tagmatica.com), a company specializing in software development in the field of linguistics and documentation in the semantic web, in Paris, France, as well as for Spotter (www.spotter.com), a company specializing in eReputation computation and text mining.

LMF lexical markup framework (eBook, 2013) [WorldCat.org]

Get this from a library! LMF lexical markup framework. [Gil Francopoulo;] -- "The community responsible for developing lexicons for Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Readable Dictionaries (MRDs) started their ISO standardization activities in 2003. These ...

LMF Lexical Markup Framework by Gil Francopoulo at Abbey's ...

Available in: Hardback. The community responsible for developing lexicons for Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Readable Dictionaries (MRDs) started their ISO standardization activities in 2003. These activities resulted in the ISO standard ...

Lexical Markup Framework (LMF)

Gil Francopoulo, Monte George; LMF and the Data Category Registry: Principles and Application Menzo Windhouwer, Sue Ellen Wright; Wordnet-LMF: A Standard Representation for Multilingual Wordnets Piek Vossen, Claudia Soria, Monica Monachini; Prolmf: A Multilingual Dictionary of Proper Names and their Relations Denis Maurel, Béatrice Bouchou-Markhoff ; LMF for Arabic Aida Khemakhem, Bilel ...

Lexical Markup Framework - Wikipedia

In early 2004, the ISO/TC37 committee decided to form a common ISO project with Nicoletta Calzolari (CNR-ILC Italy) as convenor and Gil Francopoulo (Tagmatica France) and Monte George (ANSI USA) as editors. The first step in developing LMF was to design an overall framework based on the general features of existing lexicons and to develop a consistent terminology to describe the components of ...

LMF: Lexical Markup Framework (Computer Engineering and IT ...

Model Description, Gil Francopoulo and Monte George. 3. LMF and the Data Category Registry: Principles and Application, Menzo Windhouwer and Sue Ellen Wright. 4. Wordnet-LMF: A Standard Representation for Multilingual Wordnets, Piek Vossen, Claudia Soria and Monica Monachini. 5. Prolmf: A Multilingual Dictionary of Proper Names and their Relations, Denis Maurel, Beatrice Bouchou-Markhoff. 6 ...

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LMF Lexical Markup Framework by Francopoulo, Gil (ebook)

<p>The community responsible for developing lexicons for Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Readable Dictionaries (MRDs) started their ISO standardization activities in 2003. These activities resulted in the ISO standard – Lexical Markup Framework (LMF).<br /> After selecting and defining a common terminology, the LMF team had to identify the common notions shared by all lexicons ...

Lexical Markup Framework: ISO-24613

Gil Francopoulo (INRIA-Loria, France), Monica Monachini (CNR-ILC,Italy) LIRICS project. Paris, 10th May 2007 LIRICS IAG meeting (AFNOR offices) 2 LMF as ISO project OWork started in Summer 2003 by a new work item proposal issued by the US delegation OFall 2003: the French delegation issued a technical proposition for a data model dedicated to NLP lexicons OBeginning of 2004: ISO-TC37/SC4 ...

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LMF in U.S. Government Language Resource Management, Monte George. About the Authors Gil Francopoulo works for Tagmatica (www.tagmatica.com), a company specializing in software development in the field of linguistics and documentation in the semantic web, in Paris, France, as well as for Spotter (www.spotter.com), a company specializing in media and social media analytics.

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LMF Lexical Markup Framework | Bookshare

LMF as a Foundation for Servicized Lexical Resources, Yoshihiko Hayashi, Monica Monachini, Bora Savas, Claudia Soria and Nicoletta Calzolari. 15. Creating a Serialization of LMF: The Experience of the RELISH Project, Menzo Windhouwer, Justin Petro, Irina Nevskaya, Sebastian Drude, Helen Aristar-Dry and Jost Gippert. 16. Global Atlas: Proper Nouns, From Wikipedia to LMF, Gil Francopoulo ...

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LMF lexical markup framework (Book, 2013) [WorldCat.org]

Get this from a library! LMF lexical markup framework. [Gil Francopoulo;] -- The community responsible for developing lexicons for Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Readable Dictionaries (MRDs) started their ISO standardization activities in 2003. These activities ...

CiteSeerX — Lexical markup framework (LMF

BibTeX @INPROCEEDINGS{Francopoulo06lexicalmarkup, author = {Gil Francopoulo and Monte George and Nicoletta Calzolari and Monica Monachini and Nuria Bel and Y Pet and Claudia Soria}, title = {Lexical markup framework (LMF}, booktitle = {In Proceedings of the Language Resource and Evaluation Conference (LREC}, year = {2006}, pages = {233--236}}

LMF Lexical Markup Framework | Wiley Online Books

Model Description, Gil Francopoulo and Monte George. 3. LMF and the Data Category Registry: Principles and Application, Menzo Windhouwer and Sue Ellen Wright. 4. Wordnet-LMF: A Standard Representation for Multilingual Wordnets, Piek Vossen, Claudia Soria and Monica Monachini. 5. Prolmf: A Multilingual Dictionary of Proper Names and their Relations, Denis Maurel, Béatrice Bouchou-Markhoff. 6 ...

‪Gil Francopoulo‬ - ‪Google Scholar‬

‪Akio Spotter + Tagmatica‬ - ‪Cited by 1,218‬ - ‪Natural Language Processing‬

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The community responsible for developing lexicons for Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Readable Dictionaries (MRDs) started their ISO standardization activities in 2003. These activities resulted in the ISO standard– Lexical Markup Framework (LMF). After selecting and defining a common terminology, the LMF team had to identify the common notions shared by all lexicons in order ...

(PDF) Lexical Markup Framework (LMF) | Gil Francopoulo ...

Optimizing the production, maintenance and extension of lexical resources is one the crucial aspects impacting Natural Language Processing (NLP). A second aspect involves optimizing the process leading to their integration in applications. With this

UBY-LMF - Wikipedia

UBY-LMF is a format for standardizing lexical resources for Natural Language Processing (NLP). UBY-LMF conforms to the ISO standard for lexicons: LMF, designed within the ISO-TC37, and constitutes a so-called serialization of this abstract standard. In accordance with the LMF, all attributes and other linguistic terms introduced in UBY-LMF refer to standardized descriptions of their meaning in ...

(PDF) Lexical Markup Framework (LMF) for NLP multilingual ...

Lexical Markup Framework (LMF) for NLP multilingual resources

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Model Description, Gil Francopoulo and Monte George. 3. LMF and the Data Category Registry: Principles and Application, Menzo Windhouwer and Sue Ellen Wright. 4. Wordnet-LMF: A Standard Representation for Multilingual Wordnets, Piek Vossen, Claudia Soria and Monica Monachini. 5. Prolmf: A Multilingual Dictionary of Proper Names and their Relations, Denis Maurel, Béatrice Bouchou-Markhoff. 6 ...

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How to Cite. Francopoulo, G. and George, M. (2013) Model Description, in LMF Lexical Markup Framework (eds G. Francopoulo and P. Paroubek), John Wiley & Sons, Inc ...

LMF Lexical Markup Framework | Wiley

Contents 1. LMF – Historical Context and Perspectives, Nicoletta Calzolari, Monica Monachini and Claudia Soria. 2. Model Description, Gil Francopoulo and Monte George. 3. LMF and the Data Category Registry: Principles and Application, Menzo Windhouwer and Sue Ellen Wright. 4. Wordnet-LMF: A Standard Representation for Multilingual Wordnets ...

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LMF for multilingual, specialized lexicons

LMF for multilingual, specialized lexicons Gil Francopoulo1, Monte George2, Nicoletta Calzolari3, Monica Monachini4, Nuria Bel5, Mandy Pet6, Claudia Soria7 1INRIA-Loria: gil.francopoulo@wanadoo.fr ...

Download LMF Lexical Markup Framework by Gil Francopoulo ...

By Gil Francopoulo. The group liable for constructing lexicons for normal Language Processing (NLP) and computer Readable Dictionaries (MRDs) begun their ISO standardization actions in 2003. those actions led to the ISO commonplace – Lexical Markup Framework (LMF). After identifying and defining a standard terminology, the LMF group needed to determine the typical notions shared by way of ...

dblp: Gil Francopoulo

List of computer science publications by Gil Francopoulo

CiteSeerX — Lexical markup framework (LMF

BibTeX @INPROCEEDINGS{Francopoulo06lexicalmarkup, author = {Gil Francopoulo and Monte George and Nicoletta Calzolari and Monica Monachini and Nuria Bel and Y Pet and Claudia Soria}, title = {Lexical markup framework (LMF}, booktitle = {In Proceedings of LREC2006}, year = {2006}}

Lexical markup framework (LMF) for NLP multilingual resources

Gil Francopoulo, Nuria Bel, Monte George, Nicoletta Calzolari, Monica Monachini, Mandy Pet, Claudia Soria To cite this version: Gil Francopoulo, Nuria Bel, Monte George, Nicoletta Calzolari, Monica Monachini, et al.. Lexical markup framework (LMF) for NLP multilingual resources. International Committee on Computa-tional Linguistic and the Association for Computational Linguistics - COLING ...

ISO standard modeling of a large Arabic dictionary ...

ISO standard modeling of a large Arabic dictionary - Volume 22 Issue 6 - AIDA KHEMAKHEM, BILEL GARGOURI, ABDELMAJID BEN HAMADOU, GIL FRANCOPOULO Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites.

ISO working meeting in Berlin - lirics.loria.fr

Gil FRANCOPOULO (INRIA-Loria) gil.francopoulo@wanadoo.fr Opinion regarding to 4 different points about the work in progress: 1) Distinction of MRD vs NLP lexicon 2) Core model : suggestion for improvement 3) LMF/NLP extension presentation 4) What’s next ? 8th April Berlin on the road for LMF Revision-6 2 1) MRD vs NLP lexicons zWhat is common and what is different => avoid confusion zWhat is ...

Standards going concrete: from LMF to Morphalou

Gil Francopoulo INRIA-Syntax B.P. 239 54506 Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France Gil.francopoulo@wanadoo.fr Abstract Lexical resources are key components for applications related to human language technology.

Conference Proceedings - Núria Bel (UPF)

Within ISO, one purpose of LMF (ISO-24613) is to define a standard for lexicons that covers multilingual data. Complete citation; Francopoulo, Gil; Bel, Núria; George, Monte;Calzolari, Nicoletta; Monachini, Monica. Lexical Markup Framework (LMF) for NLP Multilingual Resources. In: Witt, Andreas (et al.) (ed.). Proceedings of the Workshop on Multilingual Language Resources and Interoperability ...

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